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All About Golf Car Tires And Wheels
Published: Author: Category: Tech
Although, golf car tires and wheels have much in common with their larger scale automotive cousins, there are also many attributes that are unique to the golf car, utility vehicle, and low speed electric vehicle industries. The following article by Michael Williams of www.golfcarcatalog.com provides information on the different aspects of golf car tires.
Sizing
Modern golf car tires are tubeless and come in a wide variety of sizes and tread patterns. All tubeless golf car tires have a thick 'bead' at the inner diameter of the tire on each side and air pressure pushes the bead against the wheel to form an air tight seal. Standard golf car tires (factory) measure 18? tall (outer diameter) x 8.5? wide (across the tread) x 8? at the bead (inner diameter). It is written 18 x 8.5 x 8 where the first number is the overall diameter of the golf car tire, the second is the width at the tread and the third is the diameter of the golf car wheel. Please see illustration.
tire sizing
On golf car tires, the designation 'NHS' means Non Highway Service. This generally follows the tires size discussed above. The rating means the tire cannot stand the pressures created by high loads and/or high speed rotation. They work fine for golf cars, but if you're planning on going really fast, you might want to consider a 'B' or 'C' rated highway tire. They have more plies (layers) and better rubber to withstand the punishment of high-speed road use.
tire sidewall rating
Tire Pressure
Your golf car's tire pressure is critical to long tire life. Proper tire pressure is usually indicated on the sidewall and will vary between brands or models of golf car tires. Most golf car tires use somewhere between 15 to 25 PSI (pounds per square inch) with an average of about 20-22 PSI. Many off-road tires may use as little air pressure as 12-15 PSI for added traction. Keep in mind that the greater the tire pressure, the easier the golf car will roll, the ride becomes stiffer and the center of the tire may wear prematurely. Too much air will also reduce your traction as only the middle of the golf car tire makes sufficient contact with the ground. Lower air pressure provides a smoother ride and provides more traction, but also takes more power to turn the wheels. If you go too low, then the outer edges of the tire may wear prematurely. You may need to modify your golf car's tire pressure from the manufacturer's specifications to best meet your specific needs for your golf car.
Tire Tread Patterns
Golf car tire tread patterns vary from smooth (no tread at all) for greens mowers to straight rib and sawtooth for golf, turf, and street, to every type of knobby imaginable for off-road, mud, sand, and lifted application. Here are a few of the common tread types used in the smaller 18-20" sizes.
tire tread patterns
Some golf car tires use a directional tread, such as the Mud Buster, Stryker or Swamp Fox. Be careful to mount your tires properly and place them on the correct side of the golf car, so that the tread rotates forward. These golf car tires provide great traction and, if mounted properly, will channel mud and dirt to the rear outside of the tire and help to keep the tread clean from debris.
Sand tires are very different from most normal tread patterns. Generally, sand tires look like they literally have 'paddles'. Sand reacts very differently from hard terrain conditions. Since sand has a tendency to move and slide, the paddles are designed to provide maximum traction under these conditions.
Knobby tires are produced in literally hundreds of different tread patterns. Most have only slight differences in the shape of each knob or lugs. These slight differences in knob shape are designed to help each knobby perform effectively under specific conditions or terrain. Although some knobbies are very specific to terrain types (mud), many are very accommodating to various terrains and conditions.
All terrain tires represent the best of all worlds. Typically, they have adequate tread to handle mild off-road use, while at the same time are not as aggressive as the other mentioned above. They are much more "yard friendly" than the others.
all-terrain tire tread
Golf Car Wheels
The rubber tires just described are useless without a golf car wheel to which it is mounted. Golf car wheels are generally made from steel or aluminum and can be painted or chromed. Wheels have rim flanges at their outer edges that provide a 'seat' for the 'bead' of the golf car tire and a small hole for the valve stem. Golf car wheels are generally 8?-14" across at the bead seat and 7-8? across from flange to flange. Most have a lug pattern which is commonly referred to as a "4 on 4" style. This means the wheel has four holes spaced on a 4? circle, when measured diagonally.
Golf car wheels are designed for low speeds and should not be used for high speed highway travel. If you need trailer tires or plan to make your golf car go fast, be sure to use DOT (Dept. Of Transportation) approved wheels on which to mount your highway tires. Just like the golf car tire, the golf car wheel cannot sustain the stress of high-speed rotation under heavy loads.
tire sizing
Golf car wheels are generally produced in two mounting styles for golf car purposes – center mount and negative offset. The differences between the two styles are based on the position of the mounting flange (center of the wheel where the lug bolts go through). Center mount wheels have the mounting flange located directly in the middle of the wheel width, when measuring side to side.
Center mount wheels are standard factory wheels for most golf car manufacturers. Negative offset golf car wheels have the mounting flange positioned off-center towards the golf car. Instead of the mounting flange having an even distance from it to the bead seat on each side, the negative offset wheel generally moves the mounting flange an inch or two inwards.
negative offset wheels for oversize tires
If you plan to turn your golf car into a monster off-road vehicle by adding a lift kit and oversized tire packages, you'll need to invest in some negative offset golf car wheels to prevent any rubbing or stability problems. We generally recommend using a 22 x 11.00 x 10 off-road knobby type tire on a negative offset 10? golf car wheel for most lift kit applications, although you can get as large as you like (at your own risk, of course). Be aware that these modifications will raise the center of gravity of your golf car and increase your chances of rolling or flipping.
Golfcarcatalog.com carries a full line of golf car tires for golf/street use and for all types of off-road terrain.